Claus Sulfur Recovery Unit for sulfur recovery refers to the conversion of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) to elemental sulfur. Hydrogen sulfide, which is a byproduct of processing natural gas and refining high-sulfur crude oil is recovered and converted to elemental sulfur. The most common conversion method used for recovering sulfur is the Claus process. The process consists of multistage catalytic oxidation of hydrogen sulfide that involves burning one-third of the H2S with air in a reactor furnace to form sulfur dioxide (SO2). Emissions from the Claus process may be reduced by extending the Claus reaction into a lower temperature liquid phase, adding a scrubbing process to the Claus exhaust stream, or incinerating the hydrogen sulfide gases to form sulfur dioxide.
Clay desiccants are made from montmorillonite clay, which has a special affinity for moisture. The montmorillonite clay is composed of magnesium aluminum silicate, a naturally occurring mineral. After mining, it is purified, reduced to granules and subjected to a controlled dehydration process to increase its sorbent porosity. It recharges easily and does not swell as it absorbs water vapor. It works well at low and room temperatures, but has a low ceiling temperature. At 120º F, it will begin to shed the moisture it has absorbed. It is in the shape of small gray pellets. These absorb approximately 25% of its weight in water vapor at 77º F and 40% relative humidity. This is used for commercial and industrial purposes.