Process intensification is a concept that is introduced in the chemical industry for the purpose of reducing environmental emissions, energy consumption and materials consumption. The principle of process intensification can be used in related industries as well; textile finishing is an exemplary activity where it may have a significant long-term added value.
Process optimization is the technique of making changes or adjustments to a process, to get results. It is a method to determine the most cost effective solution to a problem or design for a process. This technique is one of the major quantitative tools in industrial decision making.