The seam welding process is an adaptation of resistance spot welding and involves making a series of overlapping spot welds by means of rotating copper alloy wheel electrodes to form a continuous leak tight joint. The electrodes are not opened between spots. The electrode wheels apply a constant force to the workpieces and rotate at a controlled speed. The welding current is normally pulsed to give a series of discrete spots, but may be continuous for certain high speed applications where gaps could otherwise occur between individual spots. Seam welding equipment is normally fixed and the components being welded are manipulated between the wheels.
Seamless aluminum gutters are used to protect the home from the damages of uncontrolled runoff. It uses a long aluminum spike to secure the gutters to the ends of the rafters. Seamless aluminum gutters are used with gutter guards to disclose water but prevent leaves, seeds and debris from collecting in the trough. It provides protection for roof and foundation.