Airboat is a flat-bottomed punts powered by a propeller attached to an automobile or aircraft engine. It is also called as fan boats. The propeller has the typical shape and size of an airplane propeller and so requires a large metal cage to protect passengers and other users. The flat bottom allows air boats to navigate easily through shallow swamps and marshes as well as in canals, rivers and lakes, it can also be used on frozen lakes. The driver sits high on a platform to improve visibility and to permit spotting floating obstacles and animals in the path of the boat. Steering is accomplished by swiveling vertical rudders positioned in the propeller wash in the very rear of the airboat, so control is a function of current, wind, water depth and propeller thrust.
Airborne particle monitoring measures the number and size of particles at a single point. This is done either with a particle counter, or by collecting the airborne particles on a filter or a deposition surface so that the collected particles can be characterized by microscopic observation. The particle counter is usually an optical particle counter or a condensation nucleus counter. Particulate sampling involves determining the number and size of particles in a specific volume of air. The sample volume of air is pumped through a capillary sensing chamber where a beam of light illuminates an individual particle. Measurements of light scattered off the particle provides information on the optical size of the particle. The numbers and sizes of particles are collected and stored in the instrument memory. Results are displayed in terms of particles per unit volume of air in selected size ranges.